Do Humans Have Free Will?

Do Humans Have Free Will?

“Borrowing principles from quantum mechanics, Wilczek claims that reality may not be suited to full understanding with a set of principles from any one discipline. Taking the case of free will as an example, it may be possible to understand humans both as having free will and being entirely determined by physical laws at the same time.”

#philosophy #freewill

http://bigthink.com/videos/frank-wilczek-on-physics-and-understanding-the-mind?utm_campaign=Echobox&utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Facebook#link_time=1459204650

Philosophy, Science & Religion

Philosophy, Science & Religion

“In order to more clearly conceptualize philosophy’s territory, let’s consider it in relationship to two other powerful cultural forces with which it’s intertwined: religion and science. We may (roughly) characterize the contrast between philosophy and religion as follows: philosophy relies on reason, evidence and experience for its truths; religion depends on faith, authority grace, and revelation for truth.”

#philosophy #science #religion

http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/messerly20160325

Progress in Philosophy

Progress in Philosophy

“That the arts do not progress in the way that the sciences progress does not seem to worry us. We don’t wring our hands because the latest Nobel-prize-winning poet or dramatist cannot hold a candle to Shakespeare. A contemporary scientist who had not moved beyond Galileo, on the other hand, would be an object of ridicule. But what of philosophy? Does it progress, and if it doesn’t, should we dismiss it as a cognitive relic – an ox cart in the age of the jet plane?”

#philosophy

https://philosophynow.org/issues/113/The_P_Word

Fake Your Way Through Hagel

Fake Your Way Through Hagel

“Look, it’s the Hegel age – you know it and I know it. It’s been the Hegel age for the past 200 hundred years, but only recently have we come to realize that in all the recent attempts to “overcome Kant” there is no overcoming Kant like the Hegelian overcoming of Kant. Thus Hegel is back (because he never left).”

#philosophy #hegel

https://pervegalit.wordpress.com/2012/06/09/how-to-fake-your-way-through-hegel/?utm_content=bufferf5797&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer

Thanks Nietzsche & De Botton!

Thanks Nietzsche & De Botton!

“life’s greatest rewards spring from our brush with adversity”

“Alone among the cabbage-heads, Nietzsche had realized that difficulties of every sort were to be welcomed by those seeking fulfillment.”

“The most fulfilling human projects appeared inseparable from a degree of torment, the sources of our greatest joys lying awkwardly close to those of our greatest pains”

“A century and a half later, Nietzsche’s healthy ego has proven largely right — for a surprising and surprisingly modern reason: the assurance he offers that life’s greatest rewards spring from our brush with adversity. More than a century before our present celebration of “the gift of failure” and our fetishism of failure as a conduit to fearlessness, Nietzsche extolled these values with equal parts pomp and perspicuity.”

“To those human beings who are of any concern to me I wish suffering, desolation, sickness, ill-treatment, indignities — I wish that they should not remain unfamiliar with profound self-contempt, the torture of self-mistrust, the wretchedness of the vanquished: I have no pity for them, because I wish them the only thing that can prove today whether one is worth anything or not — that one endures.”

#philosophy #nietzsche #debotton

https://www.brainpickings.org/2014/10/15/nietzsche-on-difficulty/

Philosophy Helps Explain Deeper Truths

Philosophy Helps Explain Deeper Truths

“Ask Peg O’Connor a question, and more likely than not her reply will be more question than answer. A professor of philosophy, and gender, women, and sexuality studies at Gustavus Adolphus College, O’Connor has spent the last nearly 20 years teaching her students to fully examine their worlds in a search for truth and meaning.”

#philosophy

https://www.minnpost.com/mental-health-addiction/2016/03/peg-o-connor-philosophy-helps-explain-deeper-truths-about-alcohol-et

Why Philosophy Matters

Why Philosophy Matters

“The philosopher Hilary Putnam, who taught for decades at Harvard University and wrote brilliantly across nearly all areas of philosophy, died on Sunday evening. I am indebted personally to Putnam—he was the doctoral supervisor of my own doctoral supervisor, and also of another of my most influential teachers—but would not know where even to begin in summarizing the importance of his life and work. Thanfully Martha Nussbaum, for many years Putnam’s colleague at Harvard, has written an essay in which she does just that. Here are a few key paragraphs:”

#philosophy #hilaryputnam

https://www.commonwealmagazine.org/blog/why-philosophy-matters

Humanity’s Existential Threat

Humanity’s Existential Threat

“Unthinkable as it may be, humanity, every last person, could someday be wiped from the face of the Earth. We have learned to worry about asteroids and supervolcanoes, but the more-likely scenario, according to Nick Bostrom, a professor of philosophy at Oxford, is that we humans will destroy ourselves.”

#philosophy #humanity

http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2012/03/were-underestimating-the-risk-of-human-extinction/253821/?utm_source=SFFB

Identity & The Ship of Theseus

Identity & The Ship of Theseus

It’s one of the oldest questions there is, “who am I?”. A question of importance in both philosophy and psychology but it is not so easy to answer. Am “I” the person I was ten years ago? Am “I” the person I am right now or am “I” the person I will be in 20 years? If every cell in my body is replaced around every ten years, how can “I” be the same person?

“Throughout our lives, we come to inhabit the seven layers of identity, often interpolating between them and constantly changing within each. And yet somehow, despite this ever-shifting seedbed of personhood, we manage to think of ourselves as concrete selves — our selves. Hardly any perplexity of human existence is more fascinating than the continuity of personal identity — the question of what makes you and your childhood self the “same” person, despite a lifetime of change, from your cells to your values.”

#philosophy #identity

https://www.brainpickings.org/2016/03/08/plutarch-the-ship-of-theseus-ted-ed/